Description: The Measuring State Welfare Policy Variations and Change project developed a methodology and scores to describe state welfare policies adopted after PRWORA. We convert textual TANF welfare guidelines into empirically derived quantitative scores to describe variation and change in welfare policy dimensions across states during the 1996-2003 post-welfare-reform period. Utilizing the Urban Institutes' Welfare Rules Database, we apply a factor analytic methodology to 78 unique state policy guidelines that were coded on a lenient-to-stringent continuum. The analysis identified 15 underlying first-order post-welfare-reform policy dimensions, which for scientific parsimony were further reduced to three second-order underlying dimensions. Lenient-to stringent quantitative scores are available for all first and second-order policy dimensions, for all states and the District of Columbia, and for each year during the 1996-2003 period.
Gordon F. De Jong, Distinguished Professor of Sociology & Demography and Director, Graduate Program in Demography
Deborah Roempke Graefe, PRI Research Associate
Matthew Hall, Graduate Student, Sociology
Shelley K. Irving, Graduate Student, SociologyData Disseminated By: Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University
Bibliographic Citation: De Jong, Gordon. Graefe, Deborah. Hall, Matthew. Irving, Shelley. Welfare Dimensions Summary Scores: 1996-2003 [Computer file]. University Park, Pa.: Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University [producer].
Original Data: Original source information on welfare rules came from the Welfare Rules Database, Copyright (c) 2000, The Urban Institute. The Welfare Rules Database, a product of the Assessing the New Federalism project and supported by the Department of Health and Human Services, is a comprehensive source for details on welfare rules in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Welfare Rules Database contains information on welfare rules in place from 1996 through 2000. The searchable database is available on-line, free-of-charge. We used the Welfare Rules Database to create variables used in this analysis. We accept responsibility for misinterpretations of rules which may have occurred in this process.
Keywords: welfare reform; policy making; state government; immigrant welfare; public assistance programs; TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families); AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children)
Why access the data through SodaPop: This is an original Penn State study and data are only available from the Population Research Institute via SodaPop.